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Frac Water Recycling

When they want to prove to the world that they’re really good at what they do, frac water treatment companies will come up with a basic selling example. They will have a jar of dirty water sitting next to one of clean water, which has already gone through the cleaning process. Even though it may be black on white for many people, it doesn’t actually tell the whole story. There are many cases in which the treated water is not actually “clear” and that is where the frac water recycling industry comes in.

It’s important to note that fracking needs between 4,5 to 5 million gallons of water per well and there have been many times concerns raised in what regards the depletion of underground aquifers. Currently, the practice involves discharging the flow-back portion of the frac water into disposal wells, but there are many dangers to this. While earthquakes are one of them, it seems that plenty of people are also worried about the aquifers which are vital resources for commercial and agriculture applications. And everyone will agree on the fact that the industry requires a new water management program so that future generations will be able to use clean water supplies.

Even though many frac water recycling processes have been considered for the treatment of frac water, only a few of them have actually been able to touch all the necessary points which would make that solution adoptable for full scale water reuse practices.

Frac Water Recycling

Frac Water Recycling

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Approaches to frac water recycling

One of the proposed solutions involves evaporating the flow-back water, which means it will result in 2 streams, including reject water (salt and solids) and distilled water. However, building and operating evaporators is quite costly. More to that, the environment will also be affected by the distilled water, because it contains no minerals and oxygen. Reusing it for fracking operations is not recommend, because it contains no salt, which will create what is known as an osmotic imbalance. Furthermore, because of this, it will result in a swelling of the clay formation, leading to an almost forty percent lower well productivity.

Frac Water Recycling Company

Another way of treatment involves Reverse Osmosis. Just like evaporators, it also has OpEx and CapEx, but this method is capped to treating water with a salt content that doesn’t go beyond 70.000 ppm and recommend it being not over 35.000 ppm. The problem is that this doesn’t even come close to the water’s natural state at ten thousand feet below ground. Even in the likely scenario, Reverse Osmosis would treat 100 percent of the water, because it has no salt, reusing it for fracking wouldn’t be recommend.

Let Echo Energy Group Handle your Frac Water Recycling

The best approach to this is a process called DAF or Dissolved Air Flotation. Before it’s treated, the frac water will be analyzed for constituents of concern and then the right chemist will be applied so that the pollutants are going to be precipitated from the water.

The separation will take place when thousands of air bubbles attach to the suspended solids, lift them to the water’s surface, where they will be removed using a skimmer. This is a system that may process nine hundred gallons per minute or 31.000 barrels daily. The water will finally be clean and not just clear and can be easily reused. With that being said, it seems that frac water recycling is possible and the results using the latest technologies are absolutely stunning.

Echo Energy Group is able to offer this service, via mobile water recycling centers at your job site or location location anywhere in the world.  Contact us now to find out how we can serve you.
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What is Fracking?

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What is Fracking?

The term fracking refers to a particular extraction technique of oil and natural gas used for the first time in America in 1947 by the company “Halliburton” and perfected in Texas in the subsequent decades.

Fracking is short for “hydraulic fracturing “. It is an “unconventional” way to extract gas from porous rock source like clay shale whose emptiness predominantly hosts methane. The gas could not be extracted with the “traditional” techniques since the gas is trapped underground in a myriad of pores and the classic vertical auger would not get to open them all. With fracking, the auger and drilling fluids are directed horizontally to a certain depth and the high pressure triggers a series of microseisms shattering the rock and compelling them to emit gas.

What is Fracking?

What is Fracking?

This method exploits the pressure of the liquid, mainly water, to cause fractures in rock strata of the deeper soil. For this reason, it is also known by the name of ‘ hydraulic fracturing ‘or’ hydrofracking and is used to facilitate the escape of oil or gas present in the rock formations. The fractures created in the soil can be either natural or manmade. Cracks are then extended by entering large amounts of water under pressure and kept open with the use of sand, gravel and ceramic granules.
Now let’s see in detail the different phases that characterize the technique of fracking:

1. Drilling:

The well is drilled horizontally to a depth of about 3,000 meters. The channel thus created is coated with a cement pipe within which small explosive charges are made to jump to create holes that will enable passing the liquid and the chemicals into the soil.

2. Pumping:

After completion of the well, up to 16,000 liters of liquid per minute under pressure is pumped into the ground after the addition of chemicals and sand. The input of the liquid creates ‘cracks’ in the rocks thus releasing the gases that go back in the pipe.

3. Collection:

Once spilled, the gas is stored and refining begins. Although it is still to be verified, many experts and environmentalists argue that the stress caused by using pressurized water in the vicinity of active faults may activate seismic movements. There are elements that confirm this hypothesis, but not in such a way as to trigger a disastrous earthquake.

As mentioned, fracking in the United States is a business openly allowed. The shale gas has allowed US to experience a small industrial boom and the prices of petrol and gas are lower. China has huge reserves of gas, but lacks the infrastructure necessary to fuel the phenomenon. Germany allows it while France as well as Bulgaria forbid it. In Poland, fracking operations were begun with great fanfare in 2010, but in February this year as many as 40 of the exploratory wells are still stuck to the initial state and the initial enthusiasm now leaves room for skepticism.

Frac water treatment:

The employment of water in Hydro Fracturing technology is massive. It is a water intensive process that requires several million gallons of fresh water. The water that comes up is in an unusable state owing to its contamination with chlorides, chemicals and other pollutants. However Frac water can be treated to make it fit for use by a number of processes that are commercially available in plenty.

If you’re looking for Frac Water Treatment services, contact us for more information.

What is Frac Water?

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What is Frac Water?

What is Frac Water?

What is Frac Water?

For anyone who has researched natural gas and methods of obtaining natural gas, the subject of frac water has probably come up. Understanding frac water takes a basic understanding of some of the common methods of obtaining natural gas.

Fracking water may also be referred to as fracking fluid since it contains other compounds other than water. This is a mixture of water, sand, and chemicals and this liquid mixture is pumped underground. The high pressure of the liquid causes shale to fracture, freeing natural gas which can be collected, refined, and sold. While the water and the sand in frac water are safe, the 1-2% composition that is made up of chemicals is toxic. These chemicals may vary depending on the company, but there are some basic ingredients in frac water.

Frac water contains acid. This acid works to dissolve minerals and cause the shale to start to break down, making the creation of fissures very easy. Borate salts are also used in frac water composition. They help to maintain the viscosity of the fluid as the temperature increases. Proppant, a special type of sand, is not a chemical, but has specifically rounded edges and larger particle sizes. This type of sand is damaging to the environment because of current mining practices. Ethylene glycol and isopropanol are used to extract the natural gas and are also some of the more common additives. They are poisonous to humans and should be avoided as much as possible.

Although many people are concerned about the ingredients contained in frac water, the amount of water used during hydraulic fracturing is also an area of caution. This type of fracturing uses up to 3.5 million gallons of water, with some of the largest projects using 5 million gallons. An average well will generally require 8 million gallons during its lifetime, and this huge usage of water can cause shortages, especially in some areas and some parts of the world.

There are additional concerns about the frac water itself.

It is very possible for this type of water to leach into the drinking water supply, presenting the possibility of disease and even death for many people. Individuals who live in areas close to hydraulic fracturing projects should be especially careful with their drinking water as there is a huge potential for contamination.

Clean-Drinking-Water

While many people have legitimate concerns about frac water, it can be recycled. It is possible to remove the contaminants and make the water safe for regular use again. Cleaning and treating frac water takes time and professional services, but with the possibility of recycling, the overall usage of frac water is decreased. Many companies who use frac water spend a significant amount of time ensuring that their drilling practices have a minimal effect on the environment. Taking the time to reuse this water is certainly a worthwhile endeavor and can save companies a great deal of money in the long run. This serves to explain what frac water is as well as mention the possibility for reuse of this chemical-containing liquid.

With so many advantages of recycling this water, it’s imperative various industries take this into consideration.

You can cut your production costs by choosing the best frac water purification system. Echo Energy Group is here to help you with your frac water and water treatment needs – click HERE to contact us now.

Want More Information?

Visit our Parent Company Website at EchoEnergyGroup.net

Ballast Water Treatment Systems & Services

Ballast Water Treatment

Echo Energy Group has long been a reliable source of discharge water solutions for many companies. Some may not be aware that we have recently unveiled the new Ballast Water Treatment program that can prevent polluting marine environments. The core idea of this system is that it provides companies with mobile methods for safely discharging water off of the decks of ships. Our services are useful for a lot of different companies, specifically those that specialize in shipping all over the world. This article will cover the benefits of using Echo Energy Groups, some of which may be mandated by some new regulations that will take place this December 1st, 2013.

These services are primarily directed at companies who operate shipping transport services through ocean waterways. You will realize that water discharge is something that needs to happen on a regular basis on one of these transport ships. For a company to continue discharging water, they will need to find an effective method to do so. This where Echo Energy Groups can step in to help by using the Ballast Water Treatment program. This is a mobile treatment unit that can be brought in to shipping company in any location around the world. These devices are perfectly suited to providing a safe way to discharge water from the cargo hold of shipping vessels.

One reason why an effective Ballast Water Treatment program is important, is that it can prevent the occurrence of invasive species being transported to vulnerable areas. Some species such as Red Algae and Zebra Mussels can be very detrimental to the local ecology if they are taken in by ships. These species can be commonly found in the water storage system on transport ships moving all across the world. To prevent these ships from transporting these species, it is important to effectively discharge them from the water supply. That is what makes our Ballast Water Treatment program so essential to many different transport companies.

A considerable advantage of using the Echo Energy Groups is that they offer shipping units with a mobile solution that provides our Ballast Water Treatment program. This may not seem significant, but there are many companies that operate far away from areas that allow for rapid discharge of water safely into the marine environment. This means that they have to independently create their own solutions to preventing dangerous contamination via their ship’s discharge system. But with Echo Energy Groups, one of our units can be placed directly onto the deck of your shipping unit and immediately begin working.

However your ship tends to discharge its waste before entering its port of call, we at Echo Energy Groups will have a solution custom ready for you. Our Ballast Water Treatment program has proven to be very versatile, and can work on almost any number of different types of vessels. For consultation, contact us via our website and find out if your ship can be fitted with our very effective treatment units.

Companies should be aware that new regulations and standards for discharging ballast water have been passed and will be enforced by the United States Coast Guard. They are expected to go into effect as soon as December 1st, 2013. At Echo Energy Groups, we want to let you know that we are ready to help discharge water that meets these specifications. If you have any doubts to your ability to conform to these standards, you should contact us and sign up for our Water Ballast Treatment program as soon as possible. This is due to the fact that some companies found to be in violation of these laws may be fined a substantial amount of money by local government regulatory agencies. To ensure that you remain in compliance with these regulations, it may be a good idea to invest in the services that we at Echo Energy Groups can give to your company’s discharge system.

Ultimately, it will be up to your company to decide how you will comply with these regulations. Be aware that criminal sanctions can be levied if the regulators find that your violations were deliberate. We at Echo Energy Groups are ready to meet the demands of this new system with our Water Ballast Treatment program. This system can be easily transported, and is built to stand up to some of the toughest conditions transport ships may encounter. This means that they can be exposed to harsh situations either in transport or on site, and the Water Ballast Treatment provided by our company will still perform up to these new regulatory standards.

Contact us about Ballast Water Treatment

Ronnie Montano

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Information on Ronnie Montano

Who is Ronnie Montano?   We’re doing some digging to find out more

Ronnie Montano Intermet Marketer

Ronnie Montano Internet Marketer

Ronnie Montano is the creator behind Mobile Money Code.

He’s the genius behind this program, but exactly who is he?

Well, to start off he’s known as probably one of the greatest internet marketers of all time, Ronnie’s got a portfolio of programs and products to back up that claim, a few of them being:

  • Easy Cash Code
  • Commission Cash Code
  • My Binary Reloaded/Re-Coded
  • Mobile Money Code
  • To name just a few.

With numerous success stories on-line and a huge array of successful programs it’s obvious that he knows what to do and how to teach others to succeed as well.

Not only is he known as a great IMer, he’s known as a “numbers guy” and constantly creates some of the best AND the most profitable sales processes the internet marketing industry has EVER seen.

Needless to say, he’s a name to know for 2013 and the years beyond!

In our opinion, Ronnie is definitely one of the good guys, and his products (though a bit hypey in the sales letters) are solid in quality and people ARE making money with them.  Look out for this guy in 2013 and 2014!

For more information, visit his official website at http://ronniemontano.com/ or you can read one of his more recent articles here.

Tube Cash Code Review Video

Oil Water Separator

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Oil Water Separator

If you think you’ve seen worthwhile Oil Water Separators before, you haven’t seen this one!

More info Coming soon!

Oil Water Separator

Oil Water Separator

Ballast Water Treatment System

Ballast Water Treatment information Coming soon, in the meantime check out THIS great article on wikipedia.

Ballast Water Treatment

Did you know that Ballast Water Treatment is going to be soon REQUIRED by ships entering US waters as SOON as December, 2013?

You can read about the new rules here.

How Waste Gasification Works and Its Benefits

Echo Energy Group Waste Gasifier

Waste Gasification is the process that converts fossil or organic based carbonaceous materials into carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen. This is achieved when the substance is reacted at great temperatures of (>700 degrees C) within a controlled level of oxygen and/or steam. The process results into a gas mixture referred as syngas (synthesis gas) or producer gas which is fuel. There is the power that is tapped from combustion and gasification of this gas and is considered as the source of renewable energy when gasified compounds are retrieved from biomass.

A thermal converter is capable of processing solid wastes from sustainable carbon-based feedstock into a clean and great octane gaseous fuel that is efficiently applied in different ways. Gasification occurs in a specially designed air-tight reactor with no emissions and residual ash that is occasionally extracted from the reactor’s base. The ash is wholly benign and can be applied as a garden or agricultural fertilizer. This process which has been used for decades and is preferred for changing waste wood, solid waste and other carbonaceous substances into combined power and heat.

The thermal converter is designed for continuous 24 hour operation, but can easily be utilized within peaking applications through the special Automation and Management System. Catalysts are applied in more complex reactors to boost the reaction rate within a certain period of time. In a gasifier, the carbonaceous substances undergo below various processes:

1. Dehydration (dying process) occurs at nearly 100 degrees C. Generally the resulting steam is combined into the gas flow and may be utilized in subsequent chemical reactions especially with the water-gas reaction when temperatures are much high.

2. The pyrolysis (devolatilization) process happens around 200-300 degrees C. Volatiles and char are produced leading to a maximum of 70% coal weight loss. This process is dependent on the properties of carbonaceous substances and determines the composition and structure to undergo the gasification reaction.

3. The combustion progression occurs when volatile products and some char react with oxygen and basically creates carbon dioxide and small levels of carbon monoxide to generate heat for subsequent gasification reactions.

4. Gasification process occurs when the char reacts with steam and carbon to generate carbon monoxide and hydrogen.

5. Additionally the “reversible gas phase” that is the water-gas shift reaction attains equilibrium very quickly at high temperatures in a gasifier. This process entails balancing of accumulated steam, carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide.

Waste Gasification has various benefits since syngas is more efficient as compared to direct combustion of original fuel which takes place at greater temperatures or within fuel cells. More so, syngas can be burned directly within gas engines to generate hydrogen and methanol or converted into synthetic fuel through the process of Fischer-Tropsch. On the other hand, gasification can also start with disposable materials like biodegradable waste. The process entails high temperatures that refine corrosive ash substances like potassium and chloride to produce gas from various fuels. Gasification of fossil fuels is nowadays used widely on industrial scales to produce electricity with Echo Energy Group offering this service, as well as a few others.

Coal Gasification

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What You Need To Know About Coal Gasification

Coal GasificationCoal gasification is also referred to as “clean coal” since it can also be used to produce electricity without belching carbon dioxide and toxins into the atmosphere. A boiler is the heart of the coal-fired power plant, in which combustion is used to burn coal to turn water into steam. Coal is not made of just pure carbon, but made of carbon bound to several other elements. Still, the carbon content of coal is high, and it is the carbon which combines with oxygen in combustion to generate carbon dioxide, the main cause of global warming. Additional by-products of coal combustion comprise nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, mercury and radioactive materials that normally occur naturally.

The heart of a power plant which incorporates gasification is not a boiler, but a gasifier, which is a cylindrical pressure vessel of about 12 meters [40 feet] high by 4 meters [13 feet] across. Oxygen and steam enter the gasifier from below, while feed stocks enter from the top. Any kind of material containing carbon can be a feedstock, but of course coal gasification requires coal. A gasifier functions at higher pressures and temperatures than a coal boiler. This makes the coal to undergo a variety of chemical reactions. First, partly oxidation of the coal’s carbon discharges heat that helps feed the reactions of gasification. Pyrolysis, which occurs as a volatile matter of coal degrades into a number of gases, leaving behind a charcoal-like substance known as char. Reduction reactions changes the remaining carbon that’s in the char to a gaseous mixture referred to as syngas.

Hydrogen and Carbon monoxide are the two main components of syngas. During the process of gas cleanup, the raw syngas runs via a cooling chamber that’s used to separate various components. Cleaning can get rid of harmful impurities, including mercury, sulfur, and unconverted carbon. Carbon dioxide as well can be drawn out of the gas and stored either underground or used in methanol production and ammonia. That leaves carbon monoxide and pure hydrogen, which can be cleanly combusted in gas turbines to generate electricity.

Benefits of coal gasification

Major benefits of coal gasification includes its abilities to generate different types of energy and create functional byproducts. People can store the energy as fuel for portable and future consumption or use it immediately in form of electricity. The gasification’s byproducts include ammonia and sulfur, both of which have several important industrial uses. This boosts the supply of commodities such as these and helps make gasification cheaper for its operators.

Gasification produces electricity more proficiently than just burning coal, which decreases the amount of coal mining needed to produce the same amount of fuel or power. Power plants which burn coal-derived gases use their heat and exhaust to generate steam, according to the Energy Department.

If you have been looking for the best coal gasification services, in our experience it’s a good time to contact Echo Energy Group. Echo Energy Group offers complete gasification solutions. They have a group of consultants who provide answers to difficult questions and have plenty of expertise to empower your business with modern technicalities.

Water and Your Health

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How many glasses of drinking water do you consume every working day?

Two, 3, four… a lot more? You’ve read it so much simply because it is really a pretty common concern, prompting you to actually THINK about the amount of drinking water you consume, urging you to drink a lot more…

Get the basics down, like feeding on a well balanced food plan, regular exercise, relaxation, entertaining and laughter, and daily life can be free of charge of illness and poor wellness. Drinking water usage is a single of these critical essentials. If you want lengthy-time period fantastic wellbeing, study on, we’re heading to give you all the evidence you require to really encourage you to consume h2o, as advisable by the industry experts: six-8 substantial eyeglasses a working day!

Why you will need a refreshing day-to-day supply

At any one particular time, involving 55 and 75% of your system pounds is h2o. Your body’s want for water is next only to it’s have to have for oxygen! Choose a appear at why you require so significantly of this daily life-giving liquid:

It assists the digestion, absorption and elimination of the foodstuff you try to eat

It assists the excretion of waste from your bowel and kidneys

It regulates your overall body temperature 24/7

It lubricates your joints and membranes

Blood is your body’s transport technique, regularly distributing vitamins and minerals about the system

Your blood is produced up of close to 92% drinking water

Overall body secretions and digestive juices are nearly completely water (your digestive program produces around 1.7 litres of saliva every single day)

Since of these many critical jobs, in standard circumstances your body requires concerning 1 and a fifty percent to two litres of h2o day by day, in get to functionality optimally. This every day total is also impacted by your measurement, diet program, how energetic your way of living is and even the weather conditions disorders! The record below shows how your body loses drinking water:

By exhaling, perspiring and elimination (urine, faeces) your entire body eliminate 1.7 litres every day

In sizzling weather, perspiration raises so a lot more water is necessary to help regulate entire body temperature and continue to keep you feeling amazing

For the duration of cold weather, additional humidity is lost by respiratory

For each hour of actual physical activity, you need and additional one-3 glasses of water

Central heating has a drying influence, so you require to consume additional, or change down the warmth

DID YOU KNOW?

Water is a purely natural hunger suppressant. Lack of drinking water can guide to above eating, this is since your mind does not differentiate among starvation and thirst, so when you believe you are feeling hungry, likelihood are, your entire body definitely desires drinking water, so drink a massive glass of h2o prior to you try to eat. In most circumstances, you will almost certainly find this will satisfy what you assumed were hunger pains.

Are you Dehydrated?

You can likely appreciate by now that quite a few, numerous people today are walking about in a continual point out of dehydration! So is your entire body gasping for h2o? How would you know? You can examine for on your own down below – we’ve started with the most prevalent indications, appropriate as a result of to the far more extreme symptoms:

Headaches A big operate of drinking water is to flush toxins from the entire body. Your brain is 75% water, so even currently being slightly dehydrated can result in head aches.

Poor Focus/Exhaustion If your system is overloaded with harmful toxins and not ample drinking water to flush them out, you will feel significantly less energetic even though your physique struggles with the toxins.

Constipation Drinking water speeds the course of action of elimination introducing bulk to the stool, so drinking adequate fluid guide the movement and regularity.

Lessened urine Output/Darkish Urine The kidneys filter squander products out of the blood. Astonishingly, approximately one hundred eighty litres of water is recycled by the kidneys day-to-day! This approach depends on an suitable contemporary provide, devoid of it, output of urine is diminished, squander goods come to be far more concentrated, ensuing in darker urine.

Furry tongue/undesirable breath If not more than enough fluid is passing by the mouth to clean absent food items particles, bacteria builds up in the throat and mouth, and on the tongue as a white movie of fur.

Dry Mouth Saliva lubricates the mouth, dehydration lessens the quantity offered.

In Much more Intense Dehydration

Muscle mass Cramps This happens when not more than enough oxygen is getting to the muscles by way of the blood stream due to the fact of inadequate water in the entire body.

Skin If there is not enough h2o to feed the pores and skin, it loses elasticity. Check by pulling the pores and skin on the back again of your hand, it should snap back again immediately.

Eyes Sunken eyes and dim skin all over/beneath the eyes are a signal of extreme dehydration.

Get Into a Life long Water Routine

Your intention is to consume drinking water constantly in the course of the working day. Stay clear of consuming also a lot h2o at when, or as well rapid, because it will move by you with tiny gain to your physique. For the 1st handful of times you could experience more recurrent journeys to the rest room, this is for the reason that your overall body isn’t really utilised to becoming so well hydrated and wants time to change. You should really also start off to notice a reduction in weight and centimetres, as your body’s drinking water merchants turn out to be redundant and progressively launch their cargo!

Idea If you don’t have a water cooler/dispenser at operate, consider a two litre bottle with you just about every day – it will also assistance you monitor your water intake.

H2o is your body’s existence force, without the need of it, you would literally dry up!

Drinking water RETENTION

Will not neglect drinking water retention… The fewer water you consume, the additional the body will consider to shop h2o for afterwards use. This will consequence in drinking water retention as the system cells swell with their cherished drinking water retailers, giving the look of ‘extra weight’

Just take Action NOW

Pick your Supply Wisely

Some fluids perform against hydration

Coffee – TEA

Coffee and traditional teas consist of caffeine, which makes improved urine output and is as a result a dehydrating agent. The additional you drink, the quicker drinking water will move by way of your overall body.

Diet plan Beverages

Diet program beverages have artificial sweeteners in place of sugar. These sweeteners mail perplexing messages to the brain that foods (power) is on the way to the belly, but for the reason that sweeteners have no energy, no electrical power comes, so the brain sends out hunger messages until finally food stuff ultimately comes. Men and women who consume diet sodas on a regular basis for that reason are likely to try to eat to a lot.

FRUIT JUICES

We usually believe of fruit juices as currently being great for us, but in reality, they are sugar drinking water. fruit is constantly much much healthier when eaten in it is really full, fibre and nutrient-loaded type. if you do consume fruit juice, dilute fifty/fifty with water to cut down the sugar material. Beware of fruit cordials/squashes, which are ordinarily sugar-saturated or have artificial sweeteners – check out the labels.


Who is Ronnie Montano?